[unpad.ac.id, 11/7/2019] The Ministry of Health has determined West Java as priority in handling stunting. The effort to decrease stunting in West Java is still far from the target set in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020.
“The target for decrease in stunting in the RPJMN is higher, under 20%. This is the amount of stunting tolerated by WHO in a country,” told Directorate General of Public Health from the Republic of Indonesia Ministry of Health Kirana Pritasari, when opening the workshop through collaboration between Universitas Padjadjaran and the Republic of Indonesia Ministry of Health (Kemenkes RI) at Marbella Suites, Bandung, Wednesday (10/7) evening.
The event, themed “Workshop to Strengthen Posyandu with Community Empowerment in Preventing Stunting through Health Science Approach”, is attended by some PKK (community for family welfare development) members and health workers from West and Central Java.
Based on Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) by Kemenkes RI, the prevalence of stunting in West Java is 29,2%. This number is almost similar to the national prevalence, 30,8%. Hence why, said Kirana, West Java must give an optimal effort to decrease its stunting number.
She said that stunting prevention is not only about giving toddlers better nutrition. Parenting, sanitation, and water availability are also very important. On the other hand, intervention in teenagers is important to prepare them for reproduction.
Head of the PKK West Java Driving Team Atalia Praratya said, stunting cases are a cycle. A stunted female child will be malnourished. In adulthood, a malnourished mother will give birth to children with inadequate birth weight.
“Our homework is to make sure mothers have the best nutrition so they can give birth to healthy and intelligent children,” said Atalia.
Atalia, wife of the West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil, explained that stunting cases in West Java is unrelated to poverty. Instead, this case is related to behavior.
“Data shows that 29% of stunted toddlers came from well-off families and 33% of them live in urban settings. This is our homework,” said Atalia.
Unpad Vice Rector for Research, Public Service, Partnership, and Academic Cooperation Dr. Keri Lestari, M.Si., Apt., said, Unpad is very welcoming to a comprehensive partnership in decreasing stunting numbers in West Java.
Dr. Keri explained, one of Unpad’s activities in handling stunting is through a comprehensive research that’s been done since 2012. From the research, Unpad concluded that stunting is related to eating habits, parenting, sanitation, and access to clean water.
“From our analysis, there is a correlation between the paucity of clean water with stunting, especially in Citarum river. So what we are doing is integrated with the Citarum Harum program,” said Dr. Keri.
Report by Arief Maulana
Translated by Dinda Ayu Maharani
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